Monday, October 3, 2022, the Faculty of Public Health (FPH) Universitas Indonesia (UI) through the Department of Environmental Health held a scientific writing workshop for public health and environmental research. This online workshop is part of a series of seminars in the 2022 World Class Professor (WCP) activities.
The workshop was opened with remarks from the Head of the Department of Environmental Health, FPH UI, Dr. drg. Ririn Arminsih Wulandari, M.Kes., and guided by Dr. Al Asyary Upe, S.K.M., M.P.H., Lecturer at the Department of Environmental Health who is also the 2022 WCP Awardee, as the moderator. The main speaker at this event, Priv.-doz. Dr. Hanns Moshammer, presented material on scientific writing. Prof. Moshammer is a professor from the Medical University of Vienna who is also an Editor in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), a journal with a Q1 rating.
Prof. Moshammer thoroughly examines the discussion on scientific writing in the field of public health and the environment, from abstracts to conclusions. Prof. Moshammer said that the most important part of writing scientific articles is before starting to write. “The most important phase in writing a scientific article is before starting to write. We must determine who the target audience is, as well as what interesting aspects are in our writing. Each journal has its own provisions, so make sure we know and follow the format determined by the journal we are aiming for,” explained Prof. Moshammers.
One by one the sections in scientific articles are discussed in the material presented. “Scientific articles usually start with an abstract, but in the writing process, that’s the very last part,” said Prof. Moshammers. In general, the structure of scientific articles consists of background and objectives, methods, results, and discussion and conclusions. The background discusses the setting, the reasons for the study being carried out, and describes things that have been and want to know. Then the method must be explained properly so that other researchers can repeat our work. Results that present the results of statistical analysis, the use of tables and figures will be very useful. Finally, the discussion and conclusions provide interpretations of the findings. Authors must be able to explain their findings in a larger and broader context.
On this occasion, Prof. Moshammer also reviews and provides criticism on several scientific articles that have been provided as well as a question-and-answer session. This session was quite interesting because the participants could witness the intellectual discussions that took place between the FKM UI lecturers and the speakers. It is hoped that this workshop will provide new insights that are of great benefit to the participants. (BK)